Do you know what Microsoft Windows is and the type of Windows. Here you will get to know its specialty and history.
Do you have any information about what is Microsoft Windows (MS Windows in Hindi) . Many of you may have already used Windows OS, or someone may have used Windows Mobile. But many of you will probably not have full knowledge about it. This is because before this, no one has ever written well about Windows in Hindi even in internet. So today I thought that why should you give full information about what is Windows?
It is also possible that most of you have heard about Microsoft’s Windows Operating System before. But very few of you will know what an operating system (OS) is and how it works. From our post today, you will also know what is the work of Windows. Before we come to Windows OS, before that we have to understand the operating system. So let’s know today what is this Windows Operating System in Hindi .
What is Windows?
If I talk about Microsoft Windows , then it is a Graphical interface Operating system that was developed by a famous IT company named Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft Windows is a very friendly, popular and most used operating system. It is very lentil between people due to its excellent Graphical Display and other features. Before the release of Microsoft Windows Graphical OS, users worked on the command line of MS-DOS OS.
Microsoft always does it wanted that define the name of your product in a word and simple, which housed the correct GUI interface from Microsoft, so Krnwas as Microsoft’s ” Windows to” word choose as the GUI (Graphics User Interface) on Multiple Windows is used to run different tasks and programs. This is precisely why Microsoft added a new name to its product by adding the word Windows to its company name which was “Microsoft Windows”. This is how Microsoft Windows was born.
What is the Operating System?
An operating system is a computer system that acts as a medium between the user and the computer. A computer is a machine so it cannot understand our given command. In such a situation, it is the job of the operating system to explain the instructions given by us to the computer. With the help of the operating system, the computer can understand and complete our instructions. Simply put, a computer will not exist without an operating system.
Another definition of operating system can also be that hardware resources are organized by this. The operating system keeps the data of every program on the computer. With the help of which the operating system decides which program will use which resource for how long.
Types of windows
Operating systems are of many types and can be divided in different ways, but the main types of these are only two. So know about different types of Windows.
1) Single User OS: In a single user OS, only one person can use a computer at a time.
2) Multiple user OS: On multiple user OS one or more people can work together at one time. Multiple user operating systems are used in large companies etc. where people have to work in harmony.
As you have now understood the operating system well, now we come to the Windows operating system. What is Windows operating system? And why is it so much more famous than other operating systems.
Windows or Microsoft Windows, it is a product of Microsoft. The Windows operating system started in 1985 . Since its inception, it has touched all the dimensions of heights. Since the beginning, there have been many changes in the Windows OS. From the beginning till now there have been many versions of it. Every time the company has tried to include good features from the previous one in the new version. And wants to give something new to their customers.
Microsoft Windows is the most widely used operating system by computer users, it will usually be found in your college, school or home computers.
Microsoft Windows is the Graphical Interface operating system. This means that it uses Graphics or Icons etc. to display information. This makes it very easy to operate. Every class, age person can understand and run it very easily.
Before the arrival of Windows, MS-DOS had to remember some instructions to perform every task but all this changed after the arrival of Windows. After this, all you have to do is navigate with the mouse and click on it with the mouse to use icons like menus, tabs, dialog boxes or any other option. With this you can do any task easily.
Since the first version came in 1985, there have been a total of 26 versions of Windows so far. The last version of Windows operating system which was Windows 10 came on 29 July 2015.
The most popular versions of Microsoft Windows include Windows vista, Windows 98, Windows XP, Windows 2000, Windows 8 and Windows 10. As such, every version of Microsoft’s Windows product was very successful, but these versions became very popular and managed to make a place in the hearts of people along with people and homes.
History of windows
Microsoft Windows used to make so many effective operating systems that if we talk about the 80s, you cannot even think of a computer at that time except Windows. From the beginning, Microsoft divided its operating system into two parts. The first was MS DOS Family and the second was Windows NT. Windows also became the world’s most popular operating system with a new operating system. So let’s know about the entire history of Windows Operating System.
This was the first version, Windows 1.0, which was released in November 1985 by Microsoft founder Bill Gates. This is the first Microsoft’s true attempt to create a graphical user interface in 16-bit.
It had very basic functionality, such as gadgets (calendar, calculator, MS Paint and a primitive word processor).
It was running above MS-DOS, which was relied on above a command-line input.
Also, it was heavily relied on according to the use of mouse such as a computer input device.
It was released in 1987, though it was not much better than before. The biggest innovation of Windows 2 was that windows could easily overlap with each other, and it provided windows with the ability to minimize or maximize, instead of “iconizing” or “zooming”.
It supported the Video Graphics Array (VGA) display system, which allows it to use 16 colors in a resolution of 640 × 480. Windows 2.0 supported the 286 processor, but to keep pace with the times, Microsoft released a provisional version of Windows 2.0 called Windows / 386 2.03 which supported the new 386 processor.
Many applications were introduced such as Excel, Word, CorelDraw and PageMaker to use users.
High of the beginning of the control panel in Windows 2, where many system settings and configuration options are collected in one place.
Windows 3.0 was released in 1990 and it was so successful that it was not discontinued until 2001. It also updated the GUI with all new icons and became the first Windows that needed a hard drive.
With virtual memory, improved graphics, and multitasking ability, it reduced the selling of Windows 3.0 to 10 million copies.
The main reason for the popularity of this version was Windows Software Development Kit (SDK), which provided a great platform for developers to write applications in Windows.
Windows 3.0 supported virtual device drivers (VxDs), which minimized hardware dependencies, by simply adding a virtual device (another software layer) between devices and the OS.
In this, the popular game which is Solitaire was also launched for the first time.
Windows 3.1 , released in 1992 , also included all the necessary fixes and improved font functionality, in TrueType fonts, making Windows a viable publishing platform for the first time.
Windows 3.1 requires 1MB of RAM to run it and for the first time it supported MS-DOS programs to control it with the help of a mouse.
Windows 3.1 was the first Windows to be distributed to a CD-ROM, however once it was installed in hard drive, it used to occupy only 10 to 15MB of space.
It also supported multimedia functionality, providing support for connecting external musical instruments and MIDI devices.
Windows 3.1 included the ability to close applications by simply pressing Ctrl + Alt + Del, so that all hung applications can be terminated in running programs.
It featured the first appearance of Minesweeper .
It turned the whole body of Windows upside down. Windows 95 first arrived in August 1995, it included the first Start button and Start menu, along with the taskbar and it was fully focused on the multitasking.
A 32-bit environment introduced in Windows 95 and designed to increase compatibility; It also included the “plug and play” concept – connecting a peripheral. In this, the operating system itself could find the appropriate drivers and help them to work.
Win95 was the first MS Operating System that supported long filenames. Like other predecessors, there was no need to install DOS before.
Windows 4.0 was released only after Windows 3.0, in 1996 , some minor improvements were made and it was not even considered a major Windows release.
Microsoft Windows 98
Windows 98 was the first release that was designed specifically to provide this support to consumers as well to read DVDs and read USB devices. USB support was greatly improved in Windows 98, which used it more. Also USB hubs and USB mice were also used a lot.
Introduced in Windows 98 , back and forward navigation buttons, address bar in Windows Explorer, and Windows Driver Model for computer components and accessories – a driver that can support all future versions of Windows. .
Microsoft Windows ME
It was released on September 14, 2000 . This Windows Millennium Edition (ME) was the last OS that was built into the MS-DOS kernel. In this, support for digital media was provided, Image Acquisition was also added to download images from digital cameras.
IE 5.5, Windows Media Player 7 and Windows Movie Maker also made their first appearance with this version.
In Windows ME, the system restore feature was added, which could be restored to any deleted system files.
Another important feature was system file protection, which prevented important OS files from being changed.
Windows 2000 was completely based on Microsoft’s business-orientated system over Windows NT and later became the basis of Windows XP.
In this, many devices could be plugged in and played simultaneously, it was also compatible with many operating systems. Defragmenter and device manager were also included in this.
Microsoft’s automatic updating played a very important role in Windows 2000 and it became the first Windows to support hibernation.
Windows XP was the most popular Microsoft operating system that was released in 2001. It also received a lot of recognization according to the most user-friendly Os. Windows XP offered plenty of ease and functionality for laptop and desktop users. The last update of Windows XP was only till April 2014, after that Microsoft stopped the update of Windows XP completely.
The Start menu and taskbar were provided with a new visual overhaul, along with the familiar green Start button, blue taskbar and vista wallpaper, along with various shadow and visual effects. ClearType, designed to easily read text in LCD screen, built-in CD burning, autoplay from CDs and other media, etc.
One of the biggest problems of Windows XP was its security because the firewall is built into it but it is by default turned off. Most of the hacker and criminals used this flaws a lot. Windows XP was the best selling operating system Microsoft has ever had.
What was released to Windows Vista in 2006, it has a more robust security system. It has BitLocker Drive Encryption for data protection , enhanced in Media Player, home entertainment, photographs customization, videos editing and better display design has also been upgraded.
This version lasted only three years, because this version had a lot of bugs and together they are not very user-friendly. PC gamers also got a big boost as Microsoft’s DirectX 10 technology was added to it.
Windows Media Player 11 and IE 7 debuted, along with Windows Defender, an anti-spyware programme.
Vista also included speech recognition, Windows DVD Maker and Photo Gallery, making it the first Windows to be distributed to DVD.
Microsoft Windows 7
Windows 7 was released in October 2009, it was faster, more stable and very easy to use. This became the operating system for most users and business which they happily adopted by upgrading to Windows XP, as Windows Vista did not become completely popular.
In this, new features were added in many ways – such as Snap, Peek, and Shake.
Windows Touch enabled users to use fingers to browse, flipping photos, and to open files / folders. You can stream music, videos, and photos in it from your PC to stereo or TV.
Handwriting recognition also started with Windows, as well as automatic window resizing.
It was released in October 2012 , Windows 8 was a very popular Microsoft version, in which the Start button and Start menu were changed considerably. A more touch-friendly start screen can be presented.
Windows 8 is much faster than previous versions of Windows and it supports faster USB 3.0 devices.
The Windows Store, which offers universal Windows apps , has also been introduced in full-screen mode.
Now programme icons and live tiles have started appearing in the new tiled interface, it has replaced lists of programmes and icons.
It also included many new technologies such as near-field communications, Universal Serial Bus 3.0 (USB 3.0), low-power ARM architecture, cloud computing and UEFI firmware. Also, many security features such as malware filtering, spam detection, built-in antivirus capabilities etc. were included.
It was announced on 30 September 2014. Windows 10 is the most recent version of Windows and in this the company has installed all the features that they could not do in the earlier version. Also, many new features are also being implemented continuously, due to which the users are getting all the latest updates.
Windows 10 has brought the Start menu to it, which is giving it a balance look, as well as a traditional desktop computer users are also going to like it very much.
Issms have included many interesting features such as you can switch to keyboard mode, mouse mode, tablet mode.
It is designed to unify across multiple devices across Windows platforms, including Windows Phone and tablets, as well as universal apps that can be downloaded from the Windows Store and which are easily compatible across all Windows devices and can also be run.
In this version of Windows, Microsoft Edge has also been introduced in a new way. Any qualified device, whether it is tablets, PCs, smartphones or Xbox consoles , you can upgrade them in Windows 10, as well as devices that have used pirated copies of windows.
Advantages of Microsoft Windows in Hindi
1.) Easy to use: – Microsoft Windows has made many changes in its system, it is easy to use the operating system. Although it is not so easy to use but it is much easier than other OS. And people of any class or age can use it easily.
2.) Software: In Windows, you get to use more software. Due to its popularity, more people are using it. And because of them, there are more software makers. You can find a lot of software in it.
3.) Compatibility: Windows also supports programs used on its older versions on its newer versions. Which makes it compatible.
Disadvantages of Windows
1) Price: The price of Microsoft Windows is much higher than other OS like Linux etc.
2) Securiry: Security has been a topic of discussion in Windows since the beginning. Microsoft’s security has been very weak compared to other OSes. It is believed that Windows products are never made for security. The percentage of Windows being hacked is much higher than Linux etc. Security has always been a problem for the Windows OS.
3) Reliability: Windows has to reboot from time to time, if it is not done then the system will hang and stop working.
Here we talked about some advantages and disadvantages of Windows OS.
Windows Phone, or WP, is a series of mobile operating systems designed by Microsoft for mobile phones. Windows Phone’s interface was derived from metro design language. It was first launched in 2010 on Windows Phone 7. Windows Phone 8.1 is its recently released and last OS.
Windows Phone 2015 was replaced by Windows 10 Mobile. In this, a new environment was given for the application.
On October 8, 2017, Microsoft decided that Windows 10 will be stopped. Because there was a lot of work in the market and people about Windows Phone and due to less trend, Microsoft had to take this decision.
Frequently asked questions
Q – How many days does the trial version of windows 10 in laptop last?
The trial version of windows 10 in A – Laptop is officially 90 days.
Q – I want to remove Windows 10 from my laptop and start Windows 7. What to do?
A – If you want to upgrade your windows 7 to windows 10, then for this you will have to use windows upgrade installer, after that you choose the option of upgrade, this will upgrade your windows 10.
Q – What is the icon of the current programme running in the background in Windows 10?
A – Microsoft’s designer team sets the icon of the programme running in the background of Windows 10.
Q – How many GB of pendrive to backup Windows 10 ?
A – To backup Windows 10 , you need at least 3 to 6 GB of space, so it would be better to have at least 8 GB of pendrive storage.
Q – How to use Windows 10 with Windows 7?
A – If you want to use Windows 7 and Windows 10 together then you have to use dual booting. But one windows at the same time.
Q – How much is Dell laptop Window 10?
A – Dell Laptop window 10 costs from Rs.28,000 to Rs.32,000. If I believe, buy online from websites like Amazon or Flipkart, you can get a good discount.
If the TV tuner card supports Q – Window 10, please tell ?
A – Yes TV Tuner card supports in Windows 10. Just for this, you have to make changes in some setting.
Q – Windows 10 is not opening on the laptop, the line is flickering on opening, what to do now?
A – If the screen of your windows 10 is not open and is flickering even on opening, then it may be due to compatibility issues of the display driver. For this, you have to update the display drivers.